Taiwan is an island situated in East Asia in the Western Pacific Ocean, and is located off of the southeastern coast of mainland China. The population in Taiwan is roughly 23 million and is spread across a total land area of 13,892 square miles, making it the fifteenth most densely populated country in the world. Taiwan houses the world's largest dedicated independent semiconductor foundry with a market capitalization of $40.4 billion, as of 2009.
Legend has it that thousands of years ago, when dragons still skulked in the mountains of the Orient and the slaying of dragons proved a warrior's strength and honor, a new fruit was brought into the world. When the dragon's fire rained down upon these brave warriors, a dragon fruit was produced at the end of the flaming breath. Only once the dragon was slain could the brave warrior collect the dragon fruit from the battlefield and bring it to his Emperor to prove his valor.
On weekdays, Taiwanese students are busy with schoolwork; however, they like to surf the net, play basketball or go to karaoke in their spare time. Since most of Taiwan is mountainous, hiking is a popular activity. Baseball is a growing sport among teenagers and represents the spirit of Taiwan. On the weekends, students go to amusement parks, concerts or go shopping.
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- Taiwan is one of the most densely populated countries of the world with about 1,595 people per square mile.
- Baseball is the national sport in Taiwan.
- Lu Hsiu-lien is the vice president of Taiwan and the first woman to be awarded the World Peace Prize from the World Peace Corps Academy.
- Taiwan is often called the "Illha Farmosa" which in Portuguese means "beautiful Island."
- Black bears, rock monkeys, leopards, sambars, flying frogs, and salamanders are found in Taiwan.
- Students in Taiwan have some of the highest test scores in the world, especially in mathematics and science, due to the intense education system.
- Taiwan is the world's leading exporter of flat-panel televisions.